Screening tests and vaccines are an important part of managing your child’s health. Below are guidelines for these, for children from birth to age 2. You and your child’s healthcare provider may decide that a different schedule is best for your child. But this plan can guide your discussion. Talk with your child’s healthcare provider to make sure your child is up to date on what he or she needs.
Who needs it
Apgar score. These are measurements done soon after birth. They include heart rate, breathing, skin color, muscle tone, and reflex responses. This score is used to check a newborn's general health at birth.
1 and 5 minutes after birth
High lead level
All children in this age group
Risk assessment of lead exposure at 6, 9, and 18 months. Risk assessment or blood test at 12 and 24 months.
Newborn screenings. This is a series of tests for metabolic, endocrine, hemoglobin, and other conditions. The tests may vary by state. Tests check for hearing loss, congenital hypothyroidism, phenylketonuria, sickle cell disease, cystic fibrosis, severe heart problems, and severe immunodeficiency.
All newborns. Ask your child's healthcare provider about the tests in your state.
Before leaving the hospital
Children ages 6 months and older
Dental exams every 6 months. Fluoride supplements from age 6 months to 16 years for those with low fluoride levels in their water. Fluoride varnish should be applied every 3 to 6 months.
Hepatitis B vaccine
At birth, between ages 1 to 2 months, and a final dose between ages 6 to 18 months
DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis)
At ages 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, between ages 15 to 18 months, and a booster between ages 4 to 6 years
Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate
2-dose series: At ages 2 and 4 months; booster dose between 12 to 15 months
3-dose series: At ages 2,4, and 6 months; booster dose between ages 12 to 15 months
At ages 2 months, 4 months, 6 to 18 months (and a booster at 4 to 6 years)
Pneumococcal conjugate (PCV13)
At ages 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, and at 12 to 15 months
Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)
First dose between ages12 to 15 months (and the second dose between 4 to 6 years, or before starting kindergarten)
Those infants who have not contracted chickenpox
Between ages 12 to15 months, and the second dose between 4 to 6 years
Flu (seasonal); trivalent inactivated influenza
At age 6 months, and then yearly when the flu vaccine is available. The first year your child gets this vaccine, 2 doses are required.
Between ages 12 to 23 months, with a second dose at least 6 months after the first dose
2-dose series: At ages 2 months, and 4 months
3-dose series: At ages 2,4, and 6
*Screening guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics
Immunization schedule from the CDC