Cancer antigen 15-3
This test measures the amount of cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3) in your blood. CA 15-3 is a substance that stimulates your body's defense system. Some kinds of cancer cells release the CA 15-3 antigen into the blood. This test is used to monitor certain types of cancer.
Breast cancer is the cancer most likely to release CA 15-3, especially in breast cancer that comes back after treatment. Antigens like CA 15-3 that give information about cancer are called tumor markers.
You may need this test to monitor your body's response to treatment for breast cancer. CA 15-3 is not used as a screening test or a diagnostic test to find breast cancer. Some people who have breast cancer do not have high levels of CA 15-3. Also, conditions other than breast cancer can cause a positive CA 15-3 test.
You may need this test if:
You have already been diagnosed with breast cancer and your healthcare provider wants to find out how well treatment is working.
You have already been treated for breast cancer and your healthcare provider wants to find out if your cancer has come back or spread.
Your healthcare provider may order a test to check for another breast cancer tumor marker called CA 27-29. You may also have other blood and diagnostic tests to learn about your cancer.
Test results may vary depending on your age, gender, health history, the method used for the test, and other things. Your test results may not mean you have a problem. Ask your healthcare provider what your test results mean for you.
CA 15-3 is measured in units per milliliter (U/mL). A normal test should be less than or equal to 30 U/mL.
It is important to know that having a positive CA 15-3 blood test does not mean you have breast cancer or that your breast cancer has come back. Other conditions can cause CA 15-3 to be in your blood.
Noncancerous conditions of the breast, ovary, and liver can also cause CA 15-3 to go up.
The results of this test are evaluated with other clinical information. In general, increasing values may be a sign of disease progression or recurrence. Decreasing values may mean disease regression.
The test is done with a blood sample. A needle is used to draw blood from a vein in your arm or hand.
Having a blood test with a needle carries some risks. These include bleeding, infection, bruising, and feeling lightheaded. When the needle pricks your arm or hand, you may feel a slight sting or pain. Afterward, the site may be sore.
Other factors aren't likely to affect your results.
You don't need to prepare for this test. Be sure your healthcare provider knows about all medicines, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you are taking. This includes medicines that don't need a prescription and any illegal drugs you may use.