It’s most often caused by another health condition or it could be part of a genetic disorder. This is known as secondary osteoporosis. Some medicines may cause it. In some cases, no cause can be found. This is known as a rare form of osteoporosis called idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis (IJO).
Secondary osteoporosis can be caused by health conditions such as:
Medicines that can cause osteoporosis include:
Other problems that may cause osteoporosis include:
A child is more at risk for juvenile osteoporosis if he or she has any of these:
The condition may not cause any symptoms. But a child with juvenile osteoporosis may have a history of broken bones.
A child with the rare idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis (IJO) may have symptoms such as:
The symptoms of juvenile osteoporosis may seem like other bone disorders or health problems. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Diagnosis of juvenile osteoporosis is often not made until the child has a broken bone. The healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and health history. He or she may also ask about your family’s health history. He or she will give your child a physical exam. Your child may also have tests, such as:
For secondary osteoporosis, the cause of the disease may be treated. IJO often gets better on its own. In the meantime, it’s important to encourage healthy behaviors during a child's bone-building years. These may include:
Other treatment for IJO may include:
Untreated, the condition can lead to:
In some cases, osteoporosis in a child can be prevented by:
Managing juvenile osteoporosis is important for your child's bone health. Help your child adopt a healthy lifestyle that includes:
Work with your child's healthcare providers to create an ongoing plan to manage your child’s condition.
Talk with your child's healthcare provider about ways to prevent osteoporosis if your child: