A musculoskeletal rehabilitation (rehab) program is a doctor-supervised program designed for people with impairments or disabilities due to disease, disorders, or injury to the muscles, tendons, ligaments, or bones. Musculoskeletal rehab programs can often improve the person's ability to function, reduce symptoms, and improve the person's well-being.
Some of the conditions that may benefit from musculoskeletal rehab may include the following:
Tendon tears, such as Achilles tendon injuries and tears of the rotator cuff in the shoulder
Trauma injuries, such as sprains, strains, joint dislocations, and fractures
Repetitive stress injuries, such as tendonitis and carpal tunnel syndrome
Joint injury and replacement
Musculoskeletal rehab programs can be done on an inpatient or outpatient basis. Many skilled professionals are part of the rehab team, including the following:
Other specialty doctors
A musculoskeletal rehab program is designed to meet the needs of the individual person, depending on the specific problem or disease. Active involvement of the patient and family is vital to the success of the program.
The goal of rehab is to help the persib return to the highest level of function and independence possible, while improving the overall quality of life — physically, emotionally, and socially.
To help reach these goals, programs may include the following:
Fitting and care for casts, braces, and splints (orthoses), or artificial limbs (prostheses)
Exercise programs to improve range of motion, increase muscle strength, improve flexibility and mobility, and increase endurance
Gait (walking) retraining and methods of safe ambulation (including the use of a walker, cane, or crutch)
Help with obtaining assistive devices that promote independence
Patient and family education and counseling
Stress management and emotional support
Ergonomic assessments and work-related injury prevention