Neurology is the branch of medicine that is concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system.
The healthcare provider who specializes in neurology is called a neurologist. After completing medical school, healthcare providers specializing in adult neurology complete 1 year of residency in internal medicine and 3 years of neurology residency.
Neurologists treat disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves, including, but not limited to, the following:
Muscle disorders and pain
Neuritis and neuropathy
Brain and spinal cord tumors
Alzheimer disease and other forms of memory problems
As a specialist, the neurologist sees patients with a wide range of problems and may act as a patient's principal or consulting healthcare provider, while the family healthcare provider, or primary care provider, is generally in charge of a patient's total health care.